Friday, May 22, 2020

Preparing for Nursing Entrance Examination in Nepal; TU, PU, KU, BPKIHS, CTEVT, NAMS, PAHS

Nursing is a discipline focused on assisting individuals, families and communities in attaining, re-attaining and maintaining optimal health and functioning. Modern definitions of nursing define it as a science and an art that focuses on quality of life as defined by persons and families. Nursing is not only concerned about health and functioning but with quality of living and dying, lived experience, and universal lived experiences of health. Nursing is an applied science which has a unique body of knowledge that utilizes principles from the physical, biological, and behavioral sciences. The focus of nursing is health promotion, maintenance, curative, restorative, supportive and terminal care to individuals and groups of all ages, taking into consideration the factors that influence them in the total environment.

After passing the SEE examination, nursing comes as one of the most attractive subject for studies among the girls. For many girls, nursing is the first choice and they want to shape their career in technical field. Since last few years, nursing has become one of the most popular professions. However, the profession was not held in high regards in Nepali society till a few years ago. But now, not only the students but even the parents are quite keen to make their daughters nurses. The increasing demand of nurses in the health sector all over the world has also promoted the nursing profession. Not only in Nepal, they have good and alluring job opportunities abroad as well. This is the reason many Nepali nurses have now reached Europe, America, Germany, Australia and other countries. Especially Britain and Australia has become a very prospective destination for nurses. In terms of the service they offer, Nepali nurses are no way behind foreigners. The fact that Nepali nurses have a wide acceptance abroad speaks for this fact. It has become a globally recognized profession and its demand is increasing day by day.

In Nepal, nursing education can be done from different Universities like Tribhuwan University (TU), Kathmandu University (KU), B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Science, Purbanchal University, Pokhara University and Center for Technical Education and Vocational Training (CTEVT). National Academy of Medical Sciences also has nursing courses. There are altogether various nursing campuses under TU and they are: Maharajgunj Nursing campus, Lalitpur Nursing Campus, Biratnagar Nursing Campus, Birgunj Nursing Campus, Pokhara Nursing Campus and Nepalgunj Nursing Campus. There are several nursing campuses under CTEVT whereas Kathmandu University and B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences have their own individual Nursing Campuses.

Tribhuvan University Nursing Entrance Examination:
1. Course: Proficiency Certificate Level (PCL):
Tribhuvan University Stopped Offering PCL Nursing program from 2078/79 BS.

Duration of Course: Three years course.
Intake Month: Admission for new intake will be advertised by Tribhuvan University, Institute of Medicine (TU, IOM), Dean's Office, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu yearly in National Newspaper.

Eligibility for Admission:
School Leaving Certificate (SLC) pass with a minimum of 50 percent of aggregate mark and pass marks in English, Science and Mathematics.

Selection Criteria:
Applicants have to pass a rigorous national entrance examination conducted by TU, IOM.

2. Course: B.Sc Nursing
B.Sc Nursing of TU is a four-year program that aims at preparing middle level nursing graduates who are equipped with the knowledge, skills and attitude competencies required for them to function as efficient care providers, teachers, and middle level managers in the hospital as well as community settings.

The candidate must have passed +2 or equivalent program securing at least 50% marks in aggregate with major subject as Physics, Chemistry and Biology & must pass the entrance examination conducted by the Institute of Medicine (IOM).The age of Candidate must be 17 years on or before 31st December, of the year admission to the MBBS course.

Entrance Exam Pattern
The entrance exam will be of 100 marks (a single paper). Candidate should obtain the minimum 50% marks in order to pass the exams.Merit list of those who have passed the exams will be published according to marks obtained by candidates.

> Physics- 20
> Chemistry: 30
> Zoology- 30
> Botany- 20

3. Course : Bachelor of Nursing (BN)
Bachelor of Nursing Science (BNS) program of Tribhuvan University, prepares nurses for carrying out the role of care provider, manager, educator and researcher. It is a three -year academic program having four major tracks.

There are four specialization areas in Bachelor of Nursing Sciences (BNS):. BNS Community Health Nursing-3yrs, BNS Adult Health Nursing-3yrs and BNS Child Health Nursing-3yrs and BNS Psychiatric Nursing -3yrs

> 50% in the PCL Nursing and have one years of work experiences after registration in Nepal Nursing Council.
> Should have passed Entrance examination conducted by Tribhuvan University.

Entrance examination:
The full marks of the Entrance Examination paper is 100 and the duration of examination is 2 hours. The entrance examination consits of a single paper with 100 multiple choice questions (MCQ) on Nursing Problem solving (50) and Nursing core subjects (50). One mark is allocated to each MCQ. Each MCQ will have four options, of which the most appropriate answer is to be answered. There is no system of negative marking. The pass marks is 50% (fifty per cent)

4.Master of Nursing (MN)

The main objective of the Master of Nursing (MN) is to prepare nurses with advanced knowledge of women health and development/ adult nursing/child health nursing, to improve the  health and well-being of individuals and thereby contribute fully to the health of their family, community and the nation. After successful completion of the two years course of study, the students will be awarded the Master of Nursing Degree in the selected specialty areas.

- MN Adult Nursing
- MN in Paediatric Nursing
- MN in Women Health and Development

> Bachelor degree in nursing (BNS or BSc Nursing)
> Two years working experience after registration in Nepal Nursing Council.
> Entrance test is required for all the candidates and selection will be done purely on merit basis.
> Admission seat in the master of nursing program depends on IOM policy

Kathmandu University Nursing Entrance Examination:
1. Course: PCL Nursing (Total Seat:- 40)
The objectives of this curriculum for certificate in Health Science Nursing Program is to produce nurse who on completion of three years of course will be competent to assume the role of mid level health manpower to carry out preventive, curative, promotive and rehabilitative roles in the hospital and community setting. This curriculum is community oriented, has integrated teaching learning of the various subjects and encourages problem-based learning.

Admission Eligibility
> SEE- Minimum C grade in all subjects or equivalent degree.
> Pass in Entrance Examination and followed by Interview

Selectrion Criteria:
Selection Criteria will be based on Academic achievement in the School Leaving Certificate or equivalent examination, Personal interview. Also,  candidates will be selected on the basis of merit by the School of Medical science.

2. Course: B.Sc. Nursing  (Total Seat:- 40)
The program is to prepare competent Bachelor of Science nurse graduate to function independently or in collaboration with multidisciplinary health team members in the care of individual, family, group and community regarding preventive, promotive, curative and rehabilitative aspects of health.The program duration is 4 academic years.

The Candidate must have:
- Completed 10+2 year of education or equivalent qualification with Minimum 2.4 GPA in aggregate and minimum C+ in Physics, Chemistry and Biology separately and minimum C in other subjects
- Completed 10+2 year of education or equivalent with Physics, Chemistry, Biology and English and should have secured an aggregate of 50% or more marks in the subjects mentioned above put together and aggregate of 50% overall. (Non grading system)

Selectrion Criteria:

The selection of the candidate will be done on the merit basis of entrance examination The full marks for the Entrance Examination will be 100 and the duration of the examination will be of 2 hours. The pass mark is 40.

 Entrance Examination will be compulsory.
> The entrance examination will be including relevant questions on: Sciences (Chemistry, Physics and Biology)
> Full marks for the entrance examinations will be 100.
> Questions will be MCQ type
> The duration of the examination will be of 2 Hours.
> Successful candidates can apply to any of the institutions under Kathmandu University
> The interview for admission in affiliated colleges is done separately by the colleges according to their rules.

3. Course: Bachelor in Nursing Science (BNS) (Total Seat:- 30 )
The Bachelor in Nursing Science (BNS) program intends to develop competent nurses who are able to utilize evidence-based scientific knowledge and will ensure that they are well prepared to practice safely and effectively.
The program duration is 4 academic years.

Eligibility :
> Successfully completed 3 years proficiency certificate level of nursing  (PCL) from a recognized institution and should have secured an aggregate of 50% or more marks.
> Should have minimum of one years of work experience after successful completion of the proficiency certificate level nursing course.
> Physically and mentally fit

Selectrion Criteria:
> Entrance examination will be compulsory
> Personal interview will be taken by concerned institution
> Candidates will be selected on the basis of merit by the School of Medical Sciences

The full marks for the Entrance Examination will be 100 and the duration of the examination will be of 2 hours. The pass mark is 50.

4. Course: M.Sc. Nursing Program
The MSc.N program is designed for graduates with a Bachelor of Science degree in nursing who seek to expand their knowledge and understanding, to function effectively as nurse educators, nurse managers and nurse researchers to assume advance practice and undertake leadership roles in adult health.

Course Duration:  2 years

Eligibility :
> Have successfully completed 4 years B.Sc. nursing or minimum of 3 years Bachelor in Nursing Sciences (BNS) from a recognized institution and should have secured an aggregate of 60% or more marks.
> Have minimum of one year of clinical or teaching experience after successful completion of 4 years B.Sc. nursing or minimum of 3 years Bachelor in Nursing Sciences (BNS).
> Be registered with Nepal Nursing council.

Selection Criteria:
> The selection of the candidates will be done on the basis of entrance examination followed by counselling.
> Candidates will be selected on the basis of merit by the School of Medical Sciences.
> Candidates already registered in one postgraduate program will not be allowed to change another postgraduate program. To change the subject he/she has to sit again in the entrance examination.

Pokhara University Nursing Entrance Examination:
1. Course: Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) in Nursing
The program prepares the nurses who can use independent judgment, decision making process in leadership position for the purpose of quality health care in primary, secondary and tertiary level.The main objectives of this course it to deliver nursing educational programs that prepare health workers to practice in the rapidly changing health and the environment.

Course Duration:  4 years

- 10+2 or PCL Science (Biology stream) or equivalent degree as recognized by Pokhara University with at least 50% marks in aggregate.
- Minimum 2.4 CGPA in Aggregate and Minimum C+ Grade in Physics, Chemistry and Biology (PCB) and Minimum C Grade in other subjects.

2. Course:  Bachelor of Nursing Science (BNS) in Oncology
BNS in Oncology is a 3 years academic program,

> Proficiency Certificate level in Nursing from accredited College by Nepal Nursing Council with 50% in aggregate.
> One year of work experience in nursing field.

Selection Criteria:
Students must appear in the entrance examination of BNS Oncology, conducted by Pokhara University and admissions will be done according to the merit list

Purbanchal University Nursing Entrance Examination:
1. Course: Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) in Nursing
The Bachelor of Science in Nursing Program (BSc. Nsg.) of Purbanchal University is a Four Year Program. The Program aims to prepare professional nurse with the highest possible technical and managerial competence in respective level of health programs, including problem identification, planning, implementing, training, health education, evaluation and research. The general objective of the BSc. nursing program is to produce competent graduates basic with advanced knowledge and practical skills necessary to deliver high quality health services needed for the country.

> Candidate must have completed 10+2 Science or ISc. (Biology) with 50% marks obtained
> Physically and mentally fit
 > Must have completed 17 years of age

Selection Criteria/ Entrance Examination :
Must Pass the Entrance Examination conducted by Purbanchal University with at least 50% marks.There will be entrance examination of one paper (English 50 mark, and hundred mark of nursing science related/health science related major subject area). The question will be of multiple choices. Duration of examination will be 3 hours.

BPKIHS Nursing Entrance Examination:

1. Course: Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) in Nursing
The curriculum of  BPKIHS Nursing program spread over four years covers wide spectrum incorporating medical sciences, behavioral sciences, social sciences with managerial skills and clinical experiences as the major segment of the course.The curriculum is integrated, community oriented, partially community based, problem based and predominantly student centered.

Available Seats:
A total of Forty Students(34  Female and 6 Male) will be admitted to the graduate Nursing Course, leading to the award of BSc Nursing degree of BPKIHS

Course Duration: 4 years

> Should have passed I. Sc. or, Class XII examination of the 10+2 system or its equivalent of Higher Secondary Council with Physics, Chemistry, Biology and English as major subjects;
> have completed 10+2  year of education or equivalent qualification with minimum 2.0GPA in aggregate and minimum grade C
> are at least 17 years of age by the last date of application are eligible to apply to B. Sc. Nursing program.

Entrance Examination
There will be 200 Multiple Choice Questions in Entrance Examination.
- Physics-50
- Chemistry-50
- Biology-50
- English + Introduction to Health + Aptitude of Nursing + G.K.-50

2. Course: MSc Nursing
In BPKIHS, there is 3 years M. Sc. Nursing in all five specialty (Medical-Surgical, Psychiatric, Community Health, Maternal Health, Child Health), which is unique in world.

> B. Sc. Nursing or Bachelor of Nursing program pass from any Institution recognized by BPKIHS;
> Two years of work experience after the graduation;
> Registered with the Nepal Nursing Council; and
> Age not exceeded 35 years by the last date of submission of application (but, for the candidates working in relevant field the maximum age limit is 45 years)

Patan Academy of Health Sciences Nursing Entrance Examination:

1. Course: PCL Nursing
- Duration: 3 years
- No. of seats: 45

Applicants must have passed SEE or equivalent from recognized institution taking Mathematics, English, and Science and scored minimum 2 GPA in those subjects and cumulative GPA 2 or 45%.

2. Course: Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) in Nursing
Patan Academy of Health Sciences, School of Nursing and Midwifery (Lalitpur Nursing Campus), has been running B.Sc Nursing from the academic year 2073/74.

> Applicant must be a female citizen of Nepal.
> The age limit at the last date of application must be within 17 years to 40 years..
> Must have passed 10+2 or equivalent securing 50% in aggregate and 50% in Biology, Chemistry and Physics each (in both theory and practical).
Cumulative GPA 2.4 according to Grading System.
> Students who have fulfilled the above mentioned eligibility criteria and are reading in Bachelor or above in any discipline can also apply.

Entrance Exam Pattern
The Entrance Examination comprises of multiple choice questions in Physics, Chemistry, Zoology and Botany.

2. Course: Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BNS)
Candidates who have passed PCL Nursing securing at least 50% in aggregate and are registered in Nepal Nursing Council with one year of work experience in any Government registered institution after registration in Nepal Nursing Council are eligible for BNS program.

National Academy of Medical Sciences (NAMS) Nursing Entrance Examination:
1. PCL Nursing:
National Academy of Medical Sciences, Bir hospital Kathmandu offers PCL Nursing program.

Total seats: 40 (Out of which 4 seats are reserved for remote areas, 2 nursing seats are reserved for ANM working in Bir hospital and 2 Nursing seats are reserved for the daughter of NAMS/Bir hospital staffs).

Eligibility for PCL Nursing program:
Passed SLC with English, Mathematics and Science or Health Sciences and secured atleast 50%.

2. Course: Post Basic Bachelor of Nursing (BN)
National Academy of Medical Sciences, Dean Office, Bir hospital Kathmandu offers 3 years-Post Basic Bachelor Nursing (BN) program.

Total seats: 30

Two years work experience after the completion of PCL Nursing.

CTEVT Nursing Entrance Examination:

1. Course: Proficiency Certificate Level in Nursing (PCL Nursing)
The program aims to produce a middle level nursing work force who is independent and competent to assume the responsibility to carry out the function of preventive, primitive, curative, rehabilitative and holistic care of an individual/group at hospital and in community settings. This course is based on the job required to perform by the Staff Nurse at different levels in public and private sector’s health field in relation to nursing jobs in Nepal.
The total duration of this curricular program is three years. The program is based on yearly system.

Entry Qualification
Entry qualification of the applicant for proficiency certificate level in nursing programme should be SLC passed in 2nd division (45%) with English, Science, and Compulsory Mathematics or SLC/SEE Minimum Grade Point Average (GPA) – 2 Grade with minimum “C- Grade’ in English, Science, and Mathematics or SLC/SEE passed plus Auxiliary Nurse Midwife (ANM) with 68.33% or as per provisions mentioned on CTEVT admission guidelines.

Academic Schedule
Usually, academic year starts from September in each year.  Notice for Application for entrance examination is published (National Newspaper) by CTEVT tentatively in June-July each year. Applicant should submit the Application form in particular CTEVT affiliated College.  Entrance exam is conducted by the CTEVT itself.

Entrance Examination:
A three hours entrance examination will be held for one comprehensive paper (50 marks each for English, Math and Science). The questions will be of multiple choices. Candidates must pass the entrance examination and the selection will be based on the merit list in the descending order.

Institutes offering Nursing Entrance Preparation Class are as follows:

Nowadays, in order to cater to the need of aspiring nursing students, many institutes have cropped up promising to provide basic foundational guide. They conduct Nursing Entrance preparation classes; take 2-3 months classes. Some of the popular institute offering nursing entrance course are as follows:

- NAME Institute for Medical Education
NAME Institute for Medical Education offers three and half month course for the entrance preparation of B.Sc. Nursing to those students who wishing to shift their career in Nursing. The entrance preparation course starts immidiately after the 12 board exam when students get time for preparation while waiting for the results.

- NIMAS Education
Staff Nurse Entrance Preparation (SNEP) Course is a short term course for those students who want to establish their identity as a successful nurse in future. The course is advantageous for SEE  appeared students who have a target of being successful health related person.

Subject Taught are English, Physics, Chemistry, Zoology, Botany, Health, Mathematics, G.K